Passing Dynamic Parameters

In previous example we discussed how to create a simple CPS with Arduino. Our first CPS is able to do only one task: to blink a led. We suggest you to get through the first lesson. Now let’s expand the example and teach our board to blink blue or red led depending on objective parameter.


The source code of this lesson is here.


The only difference in Arduino source code is instead of subscribing to one topic now we subscribe to /blink_red and /blink_blue topics

#include <ros.h>
#include <std_msgs/Empty.h>

ros::NodeHandle nh;

void blink(int led, int mil) {

  digitalWrite(led, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(led, LOW);


void blinkRedCb(const std_msgs::Empty& msg) {
  blink(13, 500);
  blink(13, 500);
  blink(13, 500);

void blinkBlueCb(const std_msgs::Empty& msg) {
  blink(12, 500);
  blink(12, 500);
  blink(12, 500);

ros::Subscriber<std_msgs::Empty> subRed("blink_red", &blinkRedCb);
ros::Subscriber<std_msgs::Empty> subBlue("blink_blue", &blinkBlueCb);

void setup()
  pinMode(13, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(12, OUTPUT);


void loop()

Here is the diagram of all connections:

Arduino schema


We can pass arguments via objective which points to rosbag file. Have a look at script. The main difference is blink() method:


def blink(self, data):
    if == "blue":
        rospy.loginfo("Blinking blue...")

    if == "red":
        rospy.loginfo("Blinking red...")

    fin = rospy.ServiceProxy('/liability/finish', FinishLiability)
    fin(FinishLiabilityRequest(address=self.liability, success=True))


Now /blink topic has a String type. You can find prepared rosbags in rosbag folder.


Connect to AIRA client via SSH as described here. You can either upload code from your host OS or make a clone from Github. Do not forget to add COM1 port in settings

To build a ros package run the following commands:

$ nix build -f release.nix
$ . result/setup.zsh
$ rosrun arduino_with_args

Also we need to add rosbag files to IPFS:

$ ipfs add rosbag/blink_blue.bag
$ ipfs add rosbag/blink_red.bag


Before the next step you should approve XRT tokens on the Factory.

The last step is to build Dapp and launch. Take a look at the previous lesson. To make Arduino blink the blue led send blue demand and blue offer messages. For the red one send corresponding messages.

That’s it! Now you are able to pass dynamic parameters to your cyber-physical system agent!